High reliability organizations maintain a commitment to safety at all levels, from frontline providers to managers and executives. This commitment establishes a "culture of safety" that encompasses these key features:
Introduction The Deepwater Horizon oil spill, also referred to as the BP oil spill, occurred on April 20, and is considered the largest marine oil spill in the history of the petroleum industry. Further, the Commission declared spill response capabilities had not improved since the Exxon Valdez spill in Inadequate agency regulations combined with a lack of concern for proper safety created the ultimate ticking time bomb.
Have drastic steps been taken to change the safety culture of offshore drilling, or has it been a return to the old status quo? Investment analysts report that 45 to 50 deep water drilling rigs could be operating in the Gulf of Mexico ina nearly 50 percent increase over the number of rigs drilling at the time of the BP-Deepwater Horizon disaster.
Yet this effort could be characterized as trivial at best, as there has not been a single new piece of offshore safety or environmental liability legislation passed by the U. The following topics are discussed in the paper: An overview of the government safety regulations for offshore drilling before the BP oil disaster.
A compare and contrast of what other national governments and foreign government agencies have done in regards to offshore drilling regulations. An analysis of what the major oil companies are doing on their own within the industry to make offshore drilling safer.
How effective can self-regulation be? A proposal of ideal government regulations and agency review that would promote proper safety practice in offshore drilling. The MMS was a bureau within the U. Department of the Interior DOI. Charged with regulating an extremely sophisticated industry—an industry possessing some of the most complex technology available in the energy field—MMS never possessed the proper budget necessary to regulate effectively.
For example, MMS employed around 60 inspectors to cover nearly 4, offshore facilities in the Gulf of Mexico. Federal records show that despite chronic safety problems within the industry, MMS imposed paltry fines that often took years to collect.
The rule was finalized on October 15,and incorporated by referencing the existing industry-developed voluntary management system known as API RP It is now the responsibility of management to ensure that SEMS is fully implemented as an integral part of operations.
The SEMS plan must include detailed provisions for management of change, standard operating procedures, and safe work practices. Companies have a duty to select contractors who have safe work practices and must ensure that all contractors are aware of the detailed operational procedures.
Companies must provide ongoing safety training for staff. There must be procedures in place to ensure mechanical integrity of all equipment through testing and inspection. Companies must conduct a pre-startup review, essentially a checklist before new operations start or new equipment is used, ensuring that all factors such as emergency procedures and staff training are in place.
Under the existing SEMS rule, employees as well as third parties may conduct audits. This is a weakness as these employees may be seen as acting on behalf of their respective employer.
EMS should be revised to demand independent verification of compliance.
Independent verification of compliance is crucial because the evidence suggests management systems alone are unlikely to change practices or attitudes. Paperwork, without a genuine safety culture, will not reduce accidents or protect workers or the environment.
Evidence indicates that API RP 75 was not widely followed by offshore companies when it was voluntary thus, now that DOI is making the SEMS mandatory, they must provide strong incentives to follow the now mandatory requirements.the tools of SPC that have helped guide the decision-making process.
In particular, the Statistical Process Control is an analytical decision making tool which allows you to Control charts compare this variance against upper and lower limits to see if it fits within the expected.
Standards, Policies, and Procedures Testing and Monitoring Culture of Ethics and Compliance Figure 1: Enterprise ethics and compliance program and risk exposure framework – An illustrative example (© Deloitte Development LLC) 4 Applying the methodology and conducting the.
What is the difference between goals and objectives? Few people can correctly explain the important difference between these two words.
As a result the words are often used interchangeably. Qualitative research gathers data that is free-form and non-numerical, such as diaries, open-ended questionnaires, interviews and observations that are not coded using a numerical system.
On the other hand, quantitative research gathers data that can be coded in a numerical form.
Archived Information Massachusetts Curriculum Framework English Language Arts ADOPTED February Literature Strand. The Learning Standards in the Literature Strand set the expectation that students will learn to respond thoughtfully to all forms of spoken and written literature.
guidance provided in the HSE Technical Assessment Guide . Specific issues identified in Reference 9 include the limitations of both the UKAEA and NATS methodologies to model non-linear flight paths and the small amount of aircraft crash data on which the models have been based.