Roosevelt authorized the formation of the Manhattan Project to bring together various scientists and military officials working on nuclear research. Much of the work was performed in Los Alamos, New Mexicounder the direction of theoretical physicist J. On July 16,in a remote desert location near Alamogordo, New Mexicothe first atomic bomb was successfully detonated—the Trinity Test.
This article can be Listened on Sermon Audio here. This year,will mark the 73th anniversary of the dropping of the Atom bomb on Hiroshima, 6 August and Nagasaki, 9 August I was taught that the U. But most of the top American military officials at the time said otherwise.
Strategic Bombing Survey group, assigned by President Truman to study the air attacks on Japan, produced a report in July of that concluded: I was one of those who felt that there were a number of cogent reasons to question the wisdom of such an act, I voiced to him my grave misgivings, first on the basis of my belief that Japan was already d efeated and that dropping the bomb was completely unnecessary, and secondly because I thought that our country should avoid shocking world opinion by the use of a weapon whose employment was, I thought, no longer mandatory as a measure to save American lives.
The Secretary was deeply perturbed by my attitude. The Japanese were already defeated and ready to surrender because of the effective sea blockade and the successful bombing with conventional weapons. The lethal possibilities of atomic warfare in the future are frightening. My own feeling was that in being the first to use it, we had adopted an ethical standard common to the barbarians of the Dark Ages.
I was not taught to make war in that fashion, and wars cannot be won by destroying women and children. He saw no military justification for the dropping of the bomb. The war might have ended weeks earlier, if the United States had agreed, as it later did anyway, to the retention of the institution of the emperor.
He knew that the Japanese would never renounce their emperor, and that without him an orderly transition to peace would be impossible anyhow, because his people would never submit to Allied occupation unless he ordered it.
Ironically, when the surrender did come, it was conditional, and the condition was a continuation of the imperial reign. We missed the opportunity of effecting a Japanese surrender, completely satisfactory to us, without the necessity of dropping the bombs.
And that suggestion of giving a warning of the atomic bomb was a face-saving proposition for them, and one that they could have readily accepted.
In my opinion, the Japanese war was really won before we ever used the atom bomb. The Japanese were becoming weaker and weaker.
They were surrounded by the Navy. Naturally, as time went on and the war developed in our favour it was quite logical to hope and expect that, with the proper kind of a warning, the Japanese would then be in a position to make peace, which would have made it unnecessary for us to drop the bomb and bring Russia in.
The atomic bomb had nothing to do with the end of the war at all.The atomic bomb accomplished Truman's primary objective. The attack on Hiroshima finally convinced Hirohito that the war must end, and his long-delayed conclusion was the decisive step in bringing.
Was Hiroshima Necessary? Why the Atomic Bombings Could Have Been Avoided. By Mark Weber. On August 6, , the world dramatically entered the atomic age: without either warning or precedent, an American plane dropped a single nuclear bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima.
The explosion utterly destroyed more than four square miles of the city center. On August 6, an American B bomber named the “Enola Gay” dropped the first atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima. The device exploded over the city with a force of 12, tons of TNT. The device exploded over the city with a force of 12, tons of TNT.
Necessity of Dropping the Atomic Bomb to End World War II Words | 3 Pages. James Maddox argues that the atomic bomb was necessary to force the Japanese army to finally surrender and avoid a costly and heavy casualty war with Japan.
On August 6, , the United States dropped the first atomic bomb over Hiroshima, Japan. Were the atomic bombs necessary to end the World War II?
Hiroshima is one of the most well known Japanese cities in the world as it is one of only two cities experienced atomic bomb dropping. I went to Hiroshima a couple years ago and visited the Hiroshima Peace Memorial. The Decision To Drop The Atomic Bomb Essay.
Words 4 Pages. President Truman's decision to drop the atomic bomb on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were the direct cause for the end of World War II in the Pacific. The United States felt it was necessary to drop the atomic bombs on these two cities or it would suffer more .